Engaging Students: Essays in Music Pedagogy, vol. 5

Table of Contents


Abbott, Michaela. 2017. “Hamilton’s Revolution Enters the Classroom.” The Ithaca College Chronicle (March 17).

Achieving the Dream. “Open Educational Resources (OER) Degree Initiative.” Accessed May 30, 2017.

Adams, Kyle. 2009. “On the Metrical Techniques of Flow in Rap Music.” Music Theory Online 15 (2).

———. 2008. “Aspects of the Music/Text Relationship in Rap.” Music Theory Online 14 (2).

Affordable Learning Georgia. “Textbook Transformation Grants.” Accessed May 30, 2017.

Ambrose, Susan A., Michael W. Bridges, Michele DiPietro, Marsha C. Lovett, and Marie K. Norman. 2010. How Learning Works: Seven Research-Based Principles for Smart Teaching. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

American Musicological Society, Pedagogy Study Group. 2016. “Round Table Discussion: Experimenting with the Canon: New Approaches to the Music History Survey.” Vancouver, Canada: Annual Meeting of the American Musicological Society. Accessed July 17, 2017.

———. 2014. “Round Table Discussion: The End of the Undergraduate Music History Sequence?” Milwaukee, WI: Annual Meeting of the American Musicological Society. Accessed July 17, 2017.

Andrade, Jackie. 2009. “What does doodling do?” Applied Cognitive Psychology 24: 100–106.

Armstrong, Elizabeth A. 1997. “A Hybrid Model of PBL.” In The Challenge of Problem Based Learning, edited by David Boud and Grahame Feletti, 137–150. Second Edition. London, England: Kogan Page.

Armstrong, Patricia. “Bloom’s Taxonomy.” Vanderbilt University Center for Teaching. Accessed July 20, 2017.

“Arnold Schoenberg.” YouTube. Accessed September 20, 2017.

Asklund, Ulf, and Lars Gotfred Bendix. 2003. “Oral vs. Written Evaluation of Students.” Proceedings of the Pedagogisk inspirationskonferens, Lund, Sweden, May 27.

Association for Experiential Learning. “What is Experiential Education?” Accessed June 29, 2017.

Atjonen, Päivi. 2014. “Teachers’ Views of Their Assessment Practice.” The Assessment Journal 25 (2): 238-259.

Babson Survey Research Group. 2016. “Opening the Textbook: Open Education Resources in U.S. Higher Education, 2015-16.”

Bailyn, Bernard. 1982. “The Challenge of Modern Historiography.” The American Historical Review 87 (1): 1-24.

Bain, Ken. 2014. “How to Learn Deeply and Foster Deep Learning in Others.” Accessed June 25, 2017.

Bandura, Albert, and Dale H. Schunk. 1981. “Cultivating Competence, Self-efficacy, and Intrinsic Interest through Proximal Self-Motivation.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 41 (3): 586-598.

Bakker, Sara, and Timothy Chenette. 2014. “Writing Across the Music Theory Curriculum.” Engaging Students: Essays in Music Pedagogy 2.

Barkley, Elizabeth F., K. Patricia Cross, and Claire Howell Major. 2005. Collaborative Learning Techniques: A Practical Guide to Promoting Learning in Groups. San Francisco, CA: Jossey Bass Publishers.

Bathgate, Meghan, Judith Sims-Knight, and Christian Schunn. 2012. “Thoughts on Thinking: Engaging Novice Music Students in Metacognition.” Applied Cognitive Psychology 26: 403-409.

Battles, Matthew. 2004. “In Praise of Doodling.” The American Scholar 73 (4): 105–108.

Baumer, Matthew. 2015. “A Snapshot of Music History Teaching to Undergraduate Music Majors, 2011-2012: Curricula, Methods, Assessment, and Objectives.” The Journal of Music History Pedagogy 5 (2): 23-47.

Benton, Carol W. 2014. Thinking about Thinking: Metacognition for Music Learning. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Education.

———. 2013. “Promoting Metacognition in Music Classes.” Music Educators Journal 100 (2): 52-59.

Bernstein, Leonard. “What is Sonata Form?” In Leonard Bernstein’s Young People’s Concerts, edited by Jack Gottlieb, 225–43. New York: Doubleday, 1992.

Bicknell-Holmes, Tracy, and Paul Seth Hoffman. 2000. “Elicit, Engage, Experience, Explore: Discovery Learning in Library Instruction.” Reference Services Review 28 (4): 313-322.

Boud, David. 1985. “PBL in Perspective.” In Problem-Based Learning in Education for the Professions. Higher Education Research and Development Society of Australasia.

Boud, David and Grahame Felletti, eds. 1997. The Challenge of Problem Based Learning. Second Edition. London, England: Kogan Page.

Bringle, Robert G. and Julie A. Hatcher. 1995. “A Service-Learning Curriculum for Faculty.” Michigan Journal of Community Service Learning 2 (1): 112-122.

Briscoe, James R., ed. 2010. Vitalizing Music History Teaching. Hillsdale, NY: Pendragon Press.

Brown, Leann. 2013. “Student Stress High at OU.” Oakland Post Online. Accessed June 24, 2017.

Bruffee, Kenneth A. 1999. Collaborative Learning: Higher Education, Interdependence, and the Authority of Knowledge. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. 2016. “College tuition and fees increase 63 percent since January 2006.” The Economics Daily.

Burkholder, J. Peter. 2015. “The Value of a Music History Survey.” The Journal of Music History Pedagogy 5 (2): 57-63.

Burton, Suzanne and Alison Reynolds. 2009. “Transforming Music Teacher Education through Service Learning.” Journal of Music Teacher Education 18 (2): 18-33.

Callahan, Michael R. 2015. “Teaching and Learning Undergraduate Music Theory at the Keyboard: Challenges, Solutions, and Impacts.” Music Theory Online 21 (3).

Campbell, Patricia Shehan, David Myers, Edward Sarath, Juan Chattah, Lee Higgins, Victoria Lindsay Levine, David Rudge, and Timothy Rice. 2016. Transforming Music Study from its Foundations: A Manifesto for Progressive Change in the Undergraduate Preparation of Music Majors. The College Music Society.

Cantley-Smith, Rowena. 2006. “Put Down Your Pen: The Role of Oral Assessment in Undergraduate Law Studies.” James Cook University Law Review 13: 30-63.

Caplin, William E. 2013. Analyzing Classical Form: An Approach for the Classroom. New York: Oxford University Press.

Carlos, Wendy. 2017. “Switched on Bach.” Accessed June 29.

Carlson, Scott. 2005. “The Net Generation Goes to College.” The Chronicle of Higher Education.

Census Bureau, U.S. Department of Commerce. “Table 6. People Below 125 Percent of Poverty Level and the Near Poor.” Historical Poverty Tables: People and Families - 1959 to 2015. Modified September 1, 2016. Accessed May 30, 2017.

Chernow, Ron. 2004. Alexander Hamilton. New York: Penguin Books.

Chion, Michel. 1994. Audio-Vision: Sound On Screen. Translated by Claudia Gorbman. New York: Columbia University Press.

Clendinning, Jane Piper, and Elizabeth West Marvin. 2016. The Musician’s Guide to Theory and Analysis. Third edition. New York: W. W. Norton & Company.

Clouder, Lynn, and Jane Toms. 2008. “Impact of Oral Assessment on Physiotherapy Students’ Learning in Practice.” Physiotherapy Theory and Practice 24 (1): 29-42.

College Board. “Average Net Price over Time for Full-Time Students, by Sector.” Annual Survey of Colleges; Trends in Student Aid 2016.

Crain, Timothy Mark. 2014. “Beyond Coverage: Teaching for Understanding in the Music History Classroom.” Journal of Music History Pedagogy 4 (2): 301-318.

Dahlhaus, Carl. 1983. Foundations of Music History. Translated by J.B. Robinson. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Davis, James A., ed. 2012. The Music History Classroom. Burlington, VT: Ashgate.

Delisle, Robert. 1997. How to Use Problem-Based Learning in the Classroom. Alexandria VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development.

diBenedetti, Gil. Contextual Listening. Accessed June 25, 2017.

Dimeo, Jean. 2017. “Turning Point for OER Use?” Inside Higher Ed.

Doubek, James. 2016. “Attention, Students: Put Your Laptops Away.” Transcription of Weekend Edition Sunday broadcast. Accessed June 14, 2017.

Drucker, Mike, and Travon Free. 2016. The Rooms Where It’s Happening: A Hamilton Fan Podcast. Earwolf.

Duch, Barbara J., Susan E. Groh, and Deborah E. Allen, eds. 2001. The Power of Problem-Based Learning: A Practical “How To” for Teaching Undergraduate Courses in any Discipline. Sterling, VA: Stylus.

Duker, Philip, Anna Gawboy, Bryn Hughes, and Kris P. Shaffer. 2015. “Hacking the Music Theory Classroom: Standards-Based Grading, Just-in-Time Teaching, and the Inverted Class.” Music Theory Online 21 (1).

Duker, Philip, Kris Shaffer, and Daniel Stevens. 2014. “Problem-Based Learning in Music: A Guide for Instructors.” Engaging Students: Essays in Music Pedagogy 2.

Duker, Philip, and Daniel Stevens. 2017. “Scaling to Real Music: Rebuilding Aural Skills Pedagogy from the Ground Up.”.” Poster presented at the Pedagogy Into Practice Conference. Lee University, Cleveland, TN.

Dunlosky, John, and Janet Metcalfe. 2009. Metacognition. Los Angeles: Sage.

Eckert, Stefan. 2005. ““So, you want to write a Minuet?” - Historical Perspectives in Teaching Theory.” Music Theory Online 11 (2).

Eckleberry-Hunt, Jodie, and Jennifer Tucciarone. 2011. “The Challenges and Opportunities of Teaching ‘Generation Y.’” Journal of Graduate Medical Education 3(4): 458-61.

Edgarton, R. 2001. “Education White Paper.” Accessed June 27, 2017.

Eyler, Janet and Dwight E. Giles, Jr. 1999. Where’s the Learning in Service-Learning? San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Eyler, Janet, Dwight Giles Jr., Christine Stenson, and Charlene Gray. 2001. “At a Glance: What we Know about the Effects of Service-Learning on College Students, Faculty, Institutions and Communities, 1993-2000: Third Edition.” Campus Compact, Vanderbilt University.

Faust, Jennifer L., and Donald R. Paulson. 1998. “Active Learning in the College Classroom.” Journal on Excellence in College Teaching 9 (2): 3-24.

Feichas, Heloisa. 2010. “Bridging the Gap: Informal Learning Practices as a Pedagogy of Integration.” British Journal of Music Education 27 (1): 47–58.

“First-Year Seminar.” Dickinson College website. Accessed August 2, 2017.

“First Year Seminar.” Georgetown University website. Accessed June 14, 2017.

“First-Year Seminars.” Gettysburg College website. Accessed June 14, 2017.

“First Year Seminars.” High Point University website. Accessed June 14, 2017.

“First-Year Seminars & Experiences.” University of Colorado-Denver Student Services website. Accessed June 14, 2017.

Flavell, John H. 1976. “Metacognitive Aspects of Problem Solving.” In The Nature of Intelligence, edited by Lauren B. Resnick, 231–235. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Forman, Murray, and Mark Anthony Neal, eds. 2004. That’s the Joint! The Hip-Hop Studies Reader. New York: Routledge.

Forte, Allen. 1973. The Structure of Atonal Music. New Haven: Yale University Press.

———. 1964. “A Theory of Set-Complexes for Music.” Journal of Music Theory 8 (2): 136-183.

Forney, Kristine, Andrew Dell’Antonio, and Joseph Machlis. 2016. The Enjoyment of Music: Essential Listening Edition. Third edition. New York: W. W. Norton.

“From Bach to Xenakis.” Accessed September 20, 2017.

Gawboy, Anna. 2014. “The Musical Opus as Opus: Organicist Analysis and the Hermetic Tradition.” Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Music Theory, Milwaukee, WI.

Gjerdingen, Robert. 2007. Music in the Galant Style. New York: Oxford University Press.

Goodman, Kathleen, and Ernest T. Pascarella. “First-Year Seminars Increase Persistence and Retention: A Summary of the Evidence from How College Affects Students.” Association of American Colleges & Universities.

Gorham, Joan, and Diane M. Millette. 2007. “A Comparative Analysis of Teacher and Student Perceptions of Sources of Motivation and Demotivation in College Classes.” Communication Education 46: 245-261.

Gosden, Stephen. 2013. “The ‘Technology Tools’ Session at FlipCamp Music Theory.” Engaging Students: Essays in Music Pedagogy 1.

Gregory, Alex. 2016. Cartoon. The New Yorker. Accessed July 18, 2017.

Grymes, James A. and John Allemeir. “Making Students Make Music: Integrating Composition and Improvisation into the Early Music Classroom.” Journal of Music History Pedagogy 4 (2): 231-254.

Gullings, Kyle. “Music Theory II Course Outlines, Spring 2015 and 2016.” The University of Texas at Tyler.

———. “Music Theory IV Course Outline, Spring 2017.” The University of Texas at Tyler.

———. “OER for Undergraduate Music Theory.” Link to a publicly-viewable Google Drive folder with 109 documents.

Guthrie, John T., and Allan Wigfield. “Engagement and Motivation in Reading.” In Handbook of Reading Research Volume III, edited by Michael L. Kamil, Peter B. Mosenthal, P. David Pearson, and Rebecca Barr, 403-422. New York: Taylor and Francis.

Habeck, Holly. 2017. “Music Professor Takes a Shot on Hamilton.” IC News. Ithaca College (February 9). Accessed April 27, 2017.

Hacker, Douglas J., John Dunlosky, and Arthur C. Graesser. 1998. Metacognition in Educational Theory and Practice. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Haefeli, Sara. 2016. “From Answers to Questions: Fostering Student Creativity and Engagement in Research and Writing.” The Journal of Music History Pedagogy, 7 (1): 1-17.

Hamilton’s America: A Documentary Film. 2016. Directed by Alex Horwitz. Public Broadcasting Service (PBS): Great Performances.

Han, Lei. 2011. “Soft Skills List – 28 Skills to Working Smart.” Soft Skills – Ask a Wharton MBA. Personal Blog. Accessed June 29, 2017.

Hein, Ethan. “Against Music Theory.” The Ethan Hein Blog, October 10, 2013. Accessed June 26, 2017.

Hoag, Melissa E. 2012. “Seven Strategies for Enabling Student Success in the First-Year Music Theory Sequence.” Music Theory Pedagogy Online 1.

Hilton III, John. 2016. “Open Educational Resources and College Textbook Choices: A Review of Research on Efficacy and Perceptions.” Educational Technology Research and Development 64: 573.

Hindman, Dorothy. 2009. “Meeting Community and Campus Needs through Service Learning and Beginning Music Theory.” College Music Symposium 49: 41-53.

Huron, David. “The Science of Sad Sounds.” The National YouTube Channel. June 27, 2011.

Huxham, Mark, Fiona Campbell, and Jenny Westwood. 2012. “Oral Versus Written Assessments: A Test of Student Performance and Attitudes.” Assessment and Evaluation in Higher Education 37 (1): 125-136.

Iannone, Paola, and Adrian Simpson. 2013. “Students’ Perceptions of Assessment in Undergraduate Mathematics.” Research in Mathematics Education 15 (1): 17-33.

———. 2012. “Oral Assessment in Mathematics: Implementation and Outcomes.” Teaching Mathematics and Its Applications 31 (4): 179-190.

Jaijairam, Paul. 2016. “First-Year Seminar (FYS)—The Advantages That This Course Offers.” Journal of Education and Learning 5 (2): 15-23.

Jenkins, J. Daniel, ed. 2016. “Schoenberg’s Program Notes and Musical Analyses.” In Schoenberg in Words, vol. 5, edited by Sabine Feisst and Severine Neff. New York: Oxford University Press.

———. “Schoenberg’s ‘Advice for Beginners in Composition with Twelve Tones’.” SMT-V 3.2.

Johnson, Vicky. 2015. “Proficiency-Based Learning with Muscle in a Music Theory Classroom.” Engaging Students: Essays in Music Pedagogy 3.

Joughin, Gordon. 2007. “Student Conceptions of Oral Presentations.” Studies in Higher Education 32 (3): 323-336.

Kapilow, Rob. “Why ‘Over the Rainbow’ Takes Us to a Magical, Musical Place.” PBS NewsHour YouTube Channel. Accessed October 6, 2015.

Kaplan, Matthew, Naomi Silver, Danielle LaVaque-Manty, and Deborah Meizlish. 2013. Using Reflection and Metacognition to Improve Student Learning. Sterling, VA: Stylus.

Karpinski, Gary. 2000. Aural Skills Acquisition. New York: Oxford University Press.

Kasinitz, Philip. 2016. Hamilton: Diverse America and the Second Generation Advantage.” American Music Review 46 (1).

Keller, Hans. 1994. “Functional Analysis no. 9a: Mozart’s Piano Sonata in A Minor, K. 310.” In Essays on Music, edited by Christopher Wintle, 129–38. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

———. 1994. “The Musical Analysis of Music.” In Essays on Music, edited by Christopher Wintle, 126–28. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

———. 1958. “Wordless Functional Analysis no. 1: Mozart, K. 421.” The Score and I.M.A. Magazine 22: 56–64.

Kostka, Stefan, Dorothy Payne, and Byron Almen. 2018. Tonal Harmony with an Introduction to Post-Tonal Music. Eighth edition. New York: McGraw-Hill Education.

Kozinn, Allan. 1993. “Discovered Sonatas May Be Faked Haydn.” The New York Times.

Krims, Adam. 2000. Rap Music and the Poetics of Identity. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Laitz, Steven G. (2016). The Complete Musician: An Integrated Approach to Theory, Analysis, and Listening. Fourth edition. New York: Oxford University Press.

Levitin, Daniel. 2008. This Is Your Brain on Music. New York: Dutton Penguin.

Lewin, David. 1990. “Klumpenhouwer Networks and Some Isographies that Involve Them.” Music Theory Spectrum 12 (1): 83-120.

———. 1986. “Music Theory, Phenomenology, and Modes of Perception.” Music Perception: An Interdisciplinary Journal 3 (4): 327-392.

“LiveNote™–The Philadelphia Orchestra’s Concert Hall Mobile App.” The Philadelphia Orchestra YouTube Channel. Accessed October 2, 2014.

Lowe, Melanie. 2015. “Rethinking the Undergraduate Music History Sequence in the Information Age.” The Journal of Music History Pedagogy 5 (2): 65-71.

The Lumineers. 2012. Ho Hey. Dualtone Music Group. Accessed June 25, 2017.

Macan, Therese H., Comila Shahani, Robert L. Dipboye, Amanda P. Phillips. 1990. “College Students’ Time Management: Correlations with Academic Performance and Stress.” Journal of Educational Psychology 82 (4): 760-68.

Madsen, Clifford K. and John M. Geringer. 2001. “A Focus of Attention Model for Meaningful Listening.” Bulletin of the Council for Research in Music Education 147: 103–108.

Margulis, Elizabeth Hellmuth. 2010. “When Program Notes Don’t Help: Music Descriptions and Enjoyment.” Psychology of Music 38 (3): 285–302.

May, Cindi. 2014. “A Learning Secret: Don’t Take Notes with a Laptop.” Scientific American.

McCombs, Barbara, and Lynda Miller. 2007. Learner-Centered Classroom Practices and Assessments: Maximizing Student Motivation, Learning, and Achievement. Newbury Park: Corwin.

McKean, Michelle, and Ranjita Misra. 2000. “College Students’ Academic Stress and its Relation to their Anxiety, Time Management, and Leisure Satisfaction.” American Journal of Health Studies 16 (1): 41-51.

McLeod, Kembrew. 2001. “Genres, Subgenres, Sub-Subgenres and More: Musical and Social Differentiation Within Electronic/Dance Music Communities.” Journal of Popular Music Studies 13 (1): 59-75.

Mead, Rebecca. 2015. “All About the Hamiltons.” The New Yorker. February 9. Accessed May 16, 2017.

Michaelsen, Garrett. 2014. “Improvising to Learn/Learning to Improvise: Designing Scaffolded Group Improvisations for the Music Theory Classroom.” Engaging Students: Essays in Music Pedagogy 2.

“The ‘Millennial Whoop’ Is Taking Over Pop Music.” Quartz YouTube Channel. Accessed August 28, 2016.

Millis, Barbara J. 2010. Cooperative Learning in Higher Education. Sterling, VA: Stylus.

Miranda, Lin-Manuel. 2015a. Twitter post, @Lin_Manuel(#MrowbackMonday In 2008 I bought Chernow’s Hamilton bio to read on vacation. @HamiltonMusical rehearsal starts today.). Jun 15. Accessed May 16, 2017.

———. 2015b. Hamilton (Original Broadway Cast Recording). Genius.com. Accessed April 27, 2017.

Miranda, Lin-Manuel, and Jeremy McCarter. 2016. Hamilton: The Revolution. New York: Grand Central Publishing.

Miyake, Jan. 2014. “Weekly (or more) Writing in the Music Theory Classroom.” Engaging Students: Essays in Music Pedagogy 2.

Moely, Barbara, Megan McFarland, Devi Miron, Sterett Mercer, and Vincent Ilustre. 2002. “Changes in College Students’ Attitudes and Intentions for Civic Involvement as a Function of Service-Learning Experiences.” Michigan Journal of Community Service Learning 9 (1): 18-26.

Morris, Robert D. 1991. Class Notes for Atonal Music Theory. Hanover, NH: Frog Peak Music.

———. 1987. Composition with Pitch Classes: A Theory of Compositional Design. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Mueller, Pam A., and Daniel M. Oppenheimer. 2014. “The Pen Is Mightier Than the Keyboard: Advantages of Longhand Over Laptop Note Taking.” Psychological Science 25 (6): 1159-1168.

Muraven, Mark and Roy F. Baumeister. 2000. “Self-regulation and depletion of limited resources: Does self-control resemble a muscle?” Psychological Bulletin 126: 247–59.

Murphy, Paul, Joel Phillips, Elizabeth West Marvin, and Jane Piper Clendinning. 2016. The Musician’s Guide to Aural Skills: Ear Training. Third edition. New York: W. W. Norton & Company.

———. 2016. The Musician’s Guide to Aural Skills: Sight-Singing. Third edition. New York: W. W. Norton & Company.

Murphy, Scott. 2007. “Considering Network Recursion and Bartók’s ‘Fourths.’” Music Theory Online 13 (3).

“Music & Lyrics by Stewie Griffin, Season 7, Family Guy.” Fox YouTube Channel. Accessed February 13, 2009.

Nalepinski, Kate. 2017. “Q&A: IC professor starts a revolution with ‘Hamilton’ course.” February 21. The Ithacan. Accessed April 27, 2017.

Natvig, Mary, ed. 2002. Teaching Music History. Burlington, VT: Ashgate.

Nevid, Jeff. 2011. “Teaching the Millennials.” Observer Magazine, May 4. Accessed June 29, 2017.

Novotney, Amy. 2010. “Engaging the Millennial Learner.” Monitor on Psychology 104 (3): 60.

O’Donnell, Shaugn. 1997. “Transformational Voice Leading in Atonal Music.” Ph.D. dissertation, City University of New York.

Oldfather, Penny. 1993. “What Students Say about Motivating Experiences in a Whole Language Classroom.” The Reading Teacher 46 (8): 672-681.

Orejuela, Fernando. 2015. Rap and Hip Hop Culture. New York: Oxford University Press.

Ottman, Robert, and Nancy Rogers. 2013. Music for Sight Singing. Ninth edition. Upper Saddle River: Pearson Prentice Hall.

Oxford Music Online. Accessed June 30, 2017.

Parncutt, Richard, and Gary McPherson. 2002. The Science and Psychology of Music Performance: Creative Strategies for Teaching and Learning. New York: Oxford University Press.

Pedersen, Susan, and Doug Williams. 2003. “A Comparison of Assessment Practices and Their Effects on Learning in a Student-Centered Learning Environment.” Proceedings of EdMedia: World Conference on Educational Media and Technology, 2171-2175.

Perry, William G. 1999. Forms of Ethical and Intellectual Development in the College Years, A Scheme. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass Publishers.

Pillay, Srini. 2017. Tinker, Dabble, Doodle, Try: Unlock the Power of the Unfocused Mind. New York: Ballantine Books.

———. 2016. “The ‘Thinking’ Benefits of Doodling.” December 15. Harvard Health Blog. Accessed May 30, 2017.

Pogonowski, Lenore. 1989. “Metacognition: A Dimension of Musical Thinking.” In Dimensions of Musical Thinking, edited by Eunice Boardman, 9–32. Reston, VA: Music Educators National Conference.

“Program Books.” Chicgo Symphony Orchestra Sounds and Stories. Accessed September 20, 2017.

Rahn, Jay, and James R. McKay. 1988. “The Guide-Tone Method: An Approach to Harmonic Dictation.” Journal of Music Theory Pedagogy 2: 101–111.

Renwick, James M., and Gary E. McPherson. 2002. “Interest and Choice: Student-Selected Repertoire and Its Effect on Practising Behaviour.” British Journal of Music Education 19 (2): 173–88.

Richards, Mark. “Film Music Notes.” Accessed September 20, 2017.

Rifkin, Deborah. 2014. “Cultivating Creativity in the Music Theory Classroom: Telling Tales with Texture and Timbre.” Engaging Students: Essays in Music Pedagogy 2.

Robin, William. 2017. “What Controversial Changes at Harvard Mean for Music in the University.” The Log Journal. Accessed July 13, 2017.

Rogers, Michael R. (2004). Teaching Approaches in Music Theory: An overview of Pedagogical Philosophies. Second edition. Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois University Press.

Rogers, Nancy. 2013. “Modernizing the Minuet Composition Project.” Journal of Music Theory Pedagogy 27: 71-110.

———. 2008. “How Structured Improvisation Can Improve Sight Singing Performance (and More).” In Teaching Sight Singing, 49–58. New York: The College Board, 2008. Accessed April 7, 2015.

Root, Jena. 2016. “The Chromatic Sing Along.” Music Theory Pedagogy Online.

———. 2014. Applied Music Fundamentals: Writing, Singing, and Listening. New York: Oxford University Press.

Roust, Colin. 2016. “Toward a Skills-Based Curriculum: Recent Trends in Music History Pedagogy.” Musica Docta 4: 105-108.

———. 2013. “Creating Illusions: Practical Approaches to Teaching ‘Added Value’ in Audiovisual Artworks.” Engaging Students: Essays in Music Pedagogy 1.

Rosen, Jody. 2015. “The American Revolutionary.” July 8. The New York Times Style Magazine.

Santa, Matthew. 2017. Hearing Form. Second edition. New York: Routledge.

Savery, John R. 2006. “Overview of Problem-Based Learning: Definitions and Distinctions.” The Interdisciplinary Journal of Problem-Based Learning 1 (1).

Schmidt-Jones, Catherine. 2013. “Understanding Basic Music Theory.” OpenStax CNX.

Schoenberg, Arnold. “My Evolution.” VR29. Arnold Schönberg Center, Vienna. Accessed September 20, 2017.

Schubert, Peter. 2017. “Teaching Theory Through Improvisation.” In Studies in Historical Improvisation from Cantare Super Librum to Partimenti, edited by Massimiliano Guido, 175-184. New York: Routledge.

———. 2012a. “The Story of ‘See what an ass I am.’” YouTube. Accessed July 18, 2017.

———. 2012b. “‘See what an ass I am’ Improvisation #1.” YouTube. Accessed July 18, 2017.

———. 2012c. “‘See what an ass I am’ Improvisation #2.” YouTube. Accessed July 18, 2017.

———. 2012d. “‘See what an ass I am’ Improvisation #3.” YouTube. Accessed July 18, 2017.

Schuijer, Michiel. 2008. Analyzing Atonal Music. Rochester, NY: University of Rochester Press.

Schunk, Dale. 1991. “Self-Efficacy and Academic Motivation.” Educational Psychologist 26: 207-31.

Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition (SPARC). “List of North American OER Policies & Projects.” Accessed July 13, 2017.

Seaton, Douglass. 2015. “Reconsidering Undergraduate Music History: Some Introductory Thoughts.” The Journal of Music History Pedagogy 5 (2): 53-56.

———. 2012. “Core Music Curriculum Components II: History and Repertory: A Survey and Some Questions.” In Proceedings: The 87th Annual Meeting, 2011, 23–26. Reston, VA: The National Association of Schools of Music.

Shaffer, Kris. “Writing Assignments for Semester 4 Theory (MUSC 2111).” Course Material: Theory & Aural Skills, CU-Boulder College of Music. Accessed June 26, 2017.

Shaffer, Kris and Bryn Hughes. 2013. “Flipping the Classroom: Three Methods.” Engaging Students: Essays in Music Pedagogy 1.

Shaffer, Kris, Bryn Hughes, and Brian Moseley. Open Music Theory. Edited by Kris Shaffer and Robin Wharton. Hybrid Pedagogy Publishing.

Siegemund-Broka, Austin. 2015. “How Similar Is ‘Blurred Lines’ to a 1977 Marvin Gaye Hit?” The Hollywood Reporter.

Silverman, Marissa. 2009. “Rethinking Music ‘Appreciation’.” Visions of Research in Music Education 13.

Simper, Trevor. 2010. “A Comparison of an Oral Assessment with a Traditional Paper Exam within a Final Year Nutrition Module.” Educational Research and Reviews 5 (8): 427-431.

Sinclair, Mark. 2016. “How the Toronto Symphony Orchestra Uses Graphic Design to Guide Audiences.” Creative Review.

Singh, Penny. 2011. “Oral Assessment: Preparing Learners for Discourse in Communities of Practice.” Systemic Practice and Action Research 24 (3): 247-259.

“Surprisingly Awesome #10 Circle of Fifths.” 2016. Gimlet Media.

Symonds, Heather. 2008. “Introducing Oral Assessment within Creative Practice: ‘It’s Like Walking Against the Wind.’” Journal of Writing in Creative Practice 1 (3): 227-236.

Stevens, Daniel B. 2016a. “The Do/Ti Test Handouts.” Music Theory Pedagogy Online.

———. 2015. “Inverting Analysis.” Engaging Students: Essays in Music Pedagogy 3.

———. 2013. “Symphonic Hearing: Listening as Active Participation.” Paper presented at the annual meeting of Music Theory Midwest, Norman, Oklahoma, April 26–27.

Stevens, Daniel, Philip Duker, and Kris Shaffer. 2014. “Problem-Based Learning in Music, A Guide for Instructors.” Engaging Students: Essays in Music Pedagogy 2.

Straus, Joseph N. 2005. “Voice Leading in Set-Class Space.” Journal of Music Theory 49 (1): 45-108.

Thomas, Justin, Monique Raynor, and Merryn McKinnon. 2014. “Academic Integrity and Oral Examination: An Arabian Gulf Perspective.” Innovations in Education and Teaching International 51 (5): 533-543.

Thompkins, Gwen. 2015. “How ‘Accidental’ Notes Grab Our Attention.” NPR.

Thorau, Christian. 2009. “Guides for Wagnerites: Leitmotifs and Wagnerian Listening.” In Richard Wagner and His World, edited by Thomas S. Grey, 133–150. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Treitler, Leo. 1984. “What Kind of Story is History?” Nineteenth-Century Music 7 (3): 363-373.

Tovey, Donald Francis. 1935. Essays in Musical Analysis. London: Oxford University Press.

UMass Amherst Libraries. “UMass Library Open Education Initiative.” Accessed May 30, 2017.

United Nations General Assembly. 1948. “Universal Declaration of Human Rights.”

University of Minnesota Center for Open Education. “Open Textbook Library.” Accessed May 30, 2017.

Waxman, Jonathan. 2012. “Prefacing Music in the Concert Hall: Program Books, Composer Commentaries, and the Conflict over Musical Meaning.” Ph.D. Diss., New York University.

“What is Community-Engaged Learning?” Center for Civic Engagement, Binghamton University, The State University of New York. Accessed June 26, 2017.

“What is Service Learning or Community Engagement?” Center for Teaching, Vanderbilt University. Accessed June 26, 2017.

WICHE Cooperative for Educational Technologies (WCET). “North Dakota Open Educational Resources Initiative: A System-wide Success Story.” Accessed May 30, 2017.

Wiggins, Grant and Jay McTighe. 1998. The Understanding by Design Guide to Refining Units and Reviewing Results. Second Edition, Revised 2012. Alexandria, VA: ASCD.

William and Flora Hewlett Foundation. “Open Educational Resources.” Accessed May 30, 2017.

Williams, Justin A., ed. 2015. The Cambridge Companion to Hip-Hop. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Yamamoto, Kevin. 2008. “Banning Laptops in the Classroom: Is it Worth the Hassles?” Journal of Legal Education 57: 1-44.

Zlotkowski, Edward and Donna Duffy. 2010. “Two Decades of Community-Based Learning.” New Directions for Teaching and Learning 123: 33-43.